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The 4 technological data of Artemis, NASA’s trip to the Moon & More Latest News Here

By on August 28, 2022 0
Artemis program. (photo: NASA Shoot)

Finally, next Monday, August 29, he will take his first steps on Artemis program, where humans will return to the Moon. It won’t be long before astronauts walk on Earth’s satellite.

it will be a unmanned test, to verify that the ship can reach its destination without any problems. But at least it’s a much-needed kickoff, bringing the long-awaited second part of this space race that much closer.

In 1969, during the first landing of Apollo 11 on the Moon, preliminary tests were carried out. The truth, however, is that the first men there weren’t sure what they would find. Just look at the nonconformity Neil Armstrong showed when he got off the spaceship.

But now things are very different. In addition to the other Apollo missions, which continued to send humans to the Moon until 1972, many unmanned missions were conducted to explore the terrain. Lunar dust has been analyzed, the best landing places have been studied, the best ways to communicate with Earth, etc.

This time it will be different because, in addition, the Artemis program is not content to carry out a small expedition like those of the Apollo missions. The goal is to build a moon base and for this it is important to study the situation in depth.

Partners of the Artemis program and its objective

Although the Space Race is sometimes seen as a competition to see which country completes the stages first, more has been shown that the best results come from cooperation between different space agencies.

Therefore, to return humans to the Moon, they signed a series of agreements in which some of these agencies participate. Participating in the Artemis program are the JAR and the European Space Agencies (ESA), Japan (JAXA), Canada (CSA), Mexico (AEM), Brazil (AEB) and Australia (ASA).

(photo: NASA)
(photo: NASA)

Everyone’s goal is to get humans back to the Moon, especially its south pole. It is important to emphasize that it will take “humans”. That of taking man to the Moon is outdated, since it is expected that The next person to walk on the moon will be a woman.

The crew will also embark men, but the role of Neil Armstrong should now be held by a female astronaut. We don’t yet know who they will be. In 2020, NASA presented a group of recently graduated astronauts, consisting of 6 women and 7 men. The lucky ones might get away with it, but we’ll have to wait to be sure.

The vehicles and technology that allowed Artemis to reach the Moon

To send astronauts to the Moon, the Artemis program relied on a Space Launch System (SLS) much more powerful than the Saturn V rockets that carried out the Apollo missions. In fact, you will win 15% more thrust.

98 meters high, it is available in four versions: Block 1, 1B, 2 and 2B. Each is more powerful than the previous one, with a thrust capacity of 70 and 97.5 tonnes for blocks 1 and 1B; and 143 tons for the type 2 block. In short, these are the most powerful rockets created to date.

FILE PHOTO: NASA's next-generation moon rocket, the Artemis 1 Space Launch System (SLS), is displayed at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, U.S., June 27, 2022. REUTERS/Joe Skipper / File Photo
FILE PHOTO: NASA’s next-generation moon rocket, the Artemis 1 Space Launch System (SLS), is displayed at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, U.S., June 27, 2022. REUTERS/Joe Skipper / File Photo

The ship to be launched this Monday will be Block 1. And with it will be the Oriona spacecraft developed in cooperation with the ESA which will also be responsible for sending humans to the Moon.

No more vehicles will take part in this first test, since they will only reach lunar orbit. Once there, it will orbit the Moon for six days. then he will go home.

During the first crewed flight, on the other hand, the Gateway lunar orbital platform. This is a lunar orbiter that Orion will dock with once it reaches its destination around our satellite.

It will consist of several modules, the implementation of which will begin in 2024, with the help of a SpaceX Falcon Heavy.

Gateway lunar orbital platform.  (photo: NASA)
Gateway lunar orbital platform. (photo: NASA)

Thus, the Artemis astronauts would already be in orbit around the Moon. But the moon landing is yet to come. And for this they will have a lander for which several projects have been presented, such as the advanced exploration lander and the Human Landing System.

However, it will end up being Modified version of the spaceship SpaceX the one who will send the astronauts.

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