Colombia’s winding road to implementing the peace agreement
The implementation of what has been agreed between the Colombian state and the former FARC guerrillas follows a winding, bumpy and uneven path that limits its progress. Such difficulties worry the victims of the armed conflict, who demand more speed. The results, five years later, are bittersweet. This is what this series of articles reveals.
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The silence of the cannons was short-lived
With the peace process, communities in regions dominated by the defunct FARC were able to live in peace for a while. However, before post-conflict promises, new armed groups arrived and violence returned.
SJP advances despite opposition
In less than four years, the SJP has rendered more than 50,000 judicial decisions, including 17,489 judicial decisions rendered in the Amnesty or Pardon Chamber and 19,641 judicial decisions rendered in the Legal Situation Definition Chamber. These results contradict the criticisms leveled at it by opposing sectors.
Colombia, in the mirror of truth
For more than 50 years, this country has suffered a bloody armed conflict between security forces, paramilitary armies, subversive groups and organized criminal networks. The toll has been death, suffering and destruction across the country, with the civilian population paying the price. The Truth Commission has the challenge of clarifying what happened so that it does not happen again.
The research unit still does not close the disappearance gap
Relatives of the victims consider that in order to obtain better results, its internal organization, the requirements for carrying out explorations and exhumations, and for acting beyond the requests for research, must be modified. In the meantime, the entity is grappling with two constraints: the Covid-19 pandemic and the intensification of the armed conflict.
“The ultimate goal is reconciliation, and it is achieved with solid truth.
Jesuit priest Francisco De Roux chairs the Commission for the Clarification of the Truth, an entity to which the Peace Agreement has assigned, among several tasks, to produce a report that takes into account the causes of the armed conflict in Colombia and the impacts that ‘he produced for more than half a century, with the aim of not repeating this tragic chapter.
The unfinished business with women and the LGBTI community
One of the most applauded points of the Peace Agreement with the FARC is the emphasis on gender. Although this is the first peace pact in the world to include it, five years later there is not much to celebrate as only 20% of what was agreed has been implemented. .
The ethnic chapter is confined to paper
After overcoming multiple obstacles, the Afro-descendant and indigenous communities succeeded in including a set of safeguards in the Peace Agreement to protect their rights and ensure that their territories would not be affected by the implementation of post policies. -conflict. Five years later, with a few exceptions, there has been virtually no progress.
The implementation of the Peace Accord has proven to be deadly for social leadership
Various sectors are calling for an end to violence against those who devote themselves to the defense of human rights. About 700 people have been killed in Colombia since November 2016, an alarming figure that has increased without much state containment and with complete impunity.
Security of ex-combatants: a debt that has claimed 290 lives
Since the signing of the Peace Accord, on average, one member of the former FARC guerrillas who laid down their arms and was in the process of re-entering legal life has been assassinated every six days. They bet on reconciliation, but the state, critics say, has failed to protect them.
- Luciana Rodriguez
- Maria Camila Paladines
- Santiago Diaz Gamboa
- Carlos Mayorga Alejo
- Andres Garcia
- Juan Diego Restrepo E.
- International protection (IP)